Over the last ten years that this blog has been published, a lot of politicians have made a lot of big promises about the long-proposed, and long-delayed Chicago riverwalk. Now the city is going to take another step towards completing the project.
It was last October when we noted in the Chicago Architecture Forum that the city was seeking federal money to complete the stalled project. Under Mayor Richard M. Daley, certain portions of the riverwalk were completed, but much of it remains incomplete or imaginary. These days, however, the city doesn’t have the cash for a project like this, so it’s the federal Department of Transportation to the rescue.
Why is the DOT going to cut a check to Chicago for 100 million of your tax dollars for a park at a time when interstate bridges are literally collapsing around the country? Well, first off it’s not free money — the city has to pay it back. And secondly, according to Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood, it’s because the downtown park is of “national significance.” No, seriously.
The question now is can the city finish the six blocks it intends to transform with a mere $100 million? The Magic -Ball says, “Reply hazy try again.” But considering that Millennium Park missed the turn of the century by years, we’ll continue to eye that promised 2016 completion date with skeptical eyes.
See the full press release below the drawings.
Mayor Emanuel Announces Closing of $99 Million TIFIA Loan for Chicago Riverwalk
Continuous Walkway to Connect Lake Michigan to Confluence of the Three River Branches
Mayor Rahm Emanuel today announced the closing of a $99 million Transportation Infrastructure Finance Innovation Act (TIFIA) loan from the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) to complete the Chicago Riverwalk along the main branch of the Chicago River.
“This loan will help us continue to make investments that will turn the Chicago River from an industrial highway into the city’s new transportation destination,” said Mayor Emanuel. “The Chicago River is our second shoreline, and the downtown Riverwalk and new boathouses will have a positive impact in neighborhoods across the City.”
Secretary LaHood cited the positive impact of the project. “President Obama called on us to ‘Fix it First’ by creating jobs and improving transportation to strengthen our economy,” said U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood. “The Chicago Riverwalk and Wacker Drive Reconstruction will do all of that and more.”
The Chicago River is undergoing a number of improvements in addition to the Riverwalk project. The Chicago Park District, with private sector partners, is constructing four new boathouses along the river. The Environmental Protection Agency is providing technical assistance to meet new federal water quality standards as well as nearly $1 million in grants to community partners to eradicate invasive plants and place Chicago residents in jobs that focus on environmental cleanup.
“The Chicago Riverwalk project is taking the city’s traditional strength and making it greener, transforming the area from an industrial corridor into an urban sanctuary,” Illinois Governor Pat Quinn said. “I commend Mayor Emanuel and Secretary LaHood for making this monumental project a reality. This is another example of what is possible when government works for the people.”
The TIFIA program provides federal credit assistance in the form of direct loans, loan guarantees and standby lines of credit to finance infrastructure projects across the country.
The Chicago Department of Transportation (CDOT) has been working on the Chicago Riverwalk since East-West Wacker Drive reconstruction began in the 1990s. The roadway was reconfigured to accommodate the expansion of the Riverwalk to promote a pedestrian walkway and activate the space as a public amenity. The East-West Wacker Project included utility build-outs for the future Riverwalk build-out for the entire length from Michigan to Lake Street.
The reconstruction of Wacker Drive was funded in part by the Federal Highway Administration, and the Vietnam Veterans memorial west of Wabash Avenue was financed in part by $5 million in federal funds, both of which were secured by U.S. Senator Dick Durbin. Senator Durbin also secured $480,000 for engineering of the Riverwalk in 2005 and these funds will contribute to the current project.
Senator Durbin’s efforts and advocacy for this project were instrumental in getting the Federal Highway Administration to recognize this project as a more comprehensive roadway and pedestrian project to improve the flow of motorists, bicyclists and pedestrians in a safe and efficient manner on the street, sidewalk and riverwalk.
“Transportation projects provide some of the best returns on any investment the federal government makes,” said Senator Durbin. “That’s why I supported TIFIA’s expansion last year and why I’m glad to see Chicago is taking the lead in putting this program to good use. The reconstruction of the Chicago Riverwalk will create jobs while giving millions of commuters and tourists the opportunity to further enjoy Chicago’s beautiful riverfront.”
In 2009, CDOT completed the first phase of the Riverwalk build-out at Michigan Avenue and Wabash, which was funded through Tax Increment Financing.
In 2010, CDOT issued an RFP/RFQ for the team to finalize the design of the framework plan developed through the city’s Riverwalk Development Committee. In May 2011, the chosen design team of Sasaki Associates Inc., Alfred Benesch & Co., Ross Barney Architects and Jacobs/Ryan Associates began work on the design plans for the next six blocks from State to Lake.
The Riverwalk design plans include conceptual ideas for each of the six blocks from State Street west to Lake Street with distinctive identities and purpose, thematically named: The Marina (from State to Dearborn); The Cove (Dearborn to Clark); The River Theater (Clark to LaSalle); The Swimming Hole (LaSalle to Wells); The Jetty (Wells to Franklin) and The Boardwalk (Franklin to Lake).
The bridges over the river establish a boundary between each block, which allow for each to have a unique identity and landscaping. Each block will be linked by the continuous walkway along the river, beneath each bridge. The design of the blocks has considered the previous feasibility studies and the changing operations of the waterway.
The Marina is designed to accommodate restaurant retail space and public seating. The River Theater will serve as the location for the vertical access between Upper Wacker and the Riverwalk level. The Cove may allow for human-powered watercraft to dock.
The Swimming Hole provides a great area for recreation, which may include a water feature such as a zero-depth fountain. The Jetty is a location for learning about the ecology of the river, with floating gardens and piers for fishing. The Boardwalk, still in a conceptual stage of design, will bring people from Upper Wacker down to the Riverwalk level.
The plans reflect the build-out limits and general design of the entire riverwalk project which was agreed upon through a public development process in 1999.
The United States Coast Guard and Army Corps of Engineers and other waterway stakeholders – community groups, commercial operators and the recreational users of the river – continue to play an important role in shaping the development of the Riverwalk plans.